Danba Tibetan Villages
Danba Tibetan Villages, a retreat from the world, are known as the most beautiful villages all over China. They are located at Danba County, Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province and famed for unique architectures. In the past, the typical buildings there were Zhaifang and Diaolou, which respectively refers to stockade houses and watchtowers. As time goes by, the two kinds of constructions integrate with each other and form the distinctive Tibetan style folk houses we see today.
Usually distributed along the southern mountain slopes facing sun, houses in the Tibetan Villages are painted with whitewash. Most of the houses consist of three or four floors, with the exterior walls of the top floors painted yellow, black, dark red and decorated with the patterns of sun, moon, star and other religious designs. The ground floor often makes a barn for livestock, while the upper floors are the kitchen, storeroom, living room, scripture hall, and turrets. On the four corners of the roof, there are four white turrets, which are used to show respect to the deities in charge of hills, trees, rivers, and lands. Pray banners hanging around the houses ripple in the wind, adding more charm to the region.
Outside the stone and wood built houses, apple trees, pear trees, peach trees, and pomegranate trees grow everywhere. In the hillside fields not far away, villagers plant crops, such as highland barley, rape, corn, and potato. Watching from a distance, the colorful exquisite buildings are hidden in lush woods with a backdrop of snow-capped mountains, giving a sense of mystery and sanctity. When in spring, with flowers coming into blossom successively, the villages are more gorgeous shined by the sun.
Jiaju Tibetan Village
Danba Tibetan Villages
A Tibetan Style Folk HouseLying in the north of Danba, Jiaju Tibetan Village in Niexia Town stands out from all villages. It is about 8,750 yards (8 kilometers) from the county town and occupies an area of 1,236 acres (5 square kilometers), with more than 140 families residing here. Generally speaking, a house is dwelled by one family independently. Some houses gather in an advantageous position while some are far away from the main architecture complex. Stepping into the Tibetan houses, you will find yourself in a world of wonder. The walls, beds, and cabinets are all adorned with delightful patterns in various bright colors, such as lotuses, trees, rivers, mountains, and lamas. Besides Jiaju Tibetan Village, the Tibetan houses in Zhonglu Town and Badi Town are very famous too.
In Danba, where there was a village, there were watchtowers. That’s why Danba was renowned as the “ancient country of thousands of watchtowers”. Although many of them has lost their traces or integrated with the folk houses, some of them have been preserved. Suopo Town till today is densely scattered with watchtowers. You can go there to have a feast for your eyes. Built with clay and stone, the watchtowers are solid lofty columns with four, six, or even thirteen margins on the cross section. These towers, with a height ranging from 98 to 196 feet (30 to 60 meters), have been established for more than a thousand of years. Initially, they were used for exorcising demons. Later on, some were used to defend villagers from enemies while some remained the original functions.
Apart from peculiar buildings, the Tibetan Villages are noted for beauties. Many girls there are endowed with stunning beauty, which gives the region a lovely name - Beauty Valley. It is said that once upon a time, a phoenix flied to Mo’erduo Mountain, the most famous holy mountain within this area. Shortly afterward, the phoenix turned into thousands of charming beauties. From then on, the region at the foot of Mo’erduo Mountain abounds in good-looking girls. A beauty contest is held every three years in Danba to select a “golden flower”, namely, the prettiest girl in this region. Wearing a headdress made of figured cloth and a long red dress of ethnic style, girls in Danba exhibit elegant manners.
Chengdu Travel Guide